The most common periodontal disease – gingivitis, parodontitis, and periodontal disease. According to the WHO periodontal disease found in the vast majority of people over 20 years. Gingivitis – manifested by swelling of gums, bleeding them, a sense of discomfort when brushing teeth and eating, bad breath. This inflammatory process is limited to the gums and leads to disruption of the stability of the teeth. More common in children and adolescents, as well as during pregnancy. The process is easily treatable and in compliance with appointments and recommendations do not arise again.
Periodontitis and periodontal disease more dangerous. Parodontitis – inflammatory disease of the gum as an exciting and bone. Pathogens found in periodontal pockets, cause inflammation in the surrounding tissues, causing their destruction (lyse them). Periodontitis appears bleeding gums, tooth mobility, exposure and sensitivity of teeth, bad breath, etc. can lead to periodontitis:
- malocclusion – a violation of the shape of teeth
- poor oral hygiene
- violation of the diet (lack of protein, vitamins)
- plays the role and structure of the food (very soft foods not conducive to clean the teeth and the normal load when chewing)
- habits (chewing on one side, which leads to a functional overload of some areas of the jaw)
- complication of gingivitis
The leading role played by the same chronic illness, poor environment, occupational hazard, metabolic disorder. The main cause of periodontal disease – dental plaque which contain a huge number of pathogenic anaerobic microorganisms, toxins, and are destroy bone. Inflammation in the bone, its destruction and loss, and leads to abnormal mobility of teeth, up to their losses. Periodontitis is shown bleeding, itching in the gums, mobility of teeth, bad breath.
Periodontal disease – dystrophic disease is almost unrelated to the level of oral hygiene. Usually periodontal disease is accompanied by general systemic disorders of the body. When periodontal disease may not experience bleeding, as in periodontitis.
The task of the specialist to distinguish one disease from another, to establish the causes of the process and offer the most rational and individualized treatment for each case. Do not unimportant role played by the quality of existing fillings and crowns in the mouth. Sometimes the treatment of local (local) is sufficient to eliminate periodontal disease, for example, overhanging edge of the filling or crown and the body quickly repairs injured tissues. If you watch from the following symptoms:
- bleeding gums
- bad breath
- redness and swelling of the gums around the teeth, fillings or crowns
- tooth mobility
- and the exposure of sensitive teeth
then in all these cases, you will need to be examined by specialists: periodontist, dental hygienist,podiatrist. You can do this in consultation with us at the clinic, which will help prevent further development of the disease, prevent the loss of teeth and restore the beauty and the natural whiteness of your teeth.
During pregnancy a woman’s body undergoes significant hormonal changes, which can cause various diseases of the teeth and periodontal tissue of the entire system.
Experts identify a number of reasons that can cause periodontal disease in pregnant women. These include hormonal imbalances, dental plaque, poor oral hygiene and reduced immunity.
The specialists of our clinic are ready to implement the full cycle of treatment of periodontal disease using the latest technology and high-quality medications.